Types of clusters in Personality disorder ?
Axis – 2 PD ( DSM – 5 ) , Cluster – 3 ( DSM – 5 )
Total types of personality disorder – 10 ?
Cluster A- 3 , Cluster – B – 4, Cluster – C – 3
What is personality?
Personality refers to all of the characteristics that adapt in unique ways to ever-changing internal and external environments
Types of personality disorder ?
common and chronic
How many psychiatric patients co morbid with other clinical syndromes ?
What is predisposing factor for other psychiatric disorders in personality disorders ?
substance use, suicide, aϱective disorders, impulse-control disorders, eating disorders, and anxiety disorders.
What types of person refuse psychiatric help and to deny their problems in P.D ?
persons with anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, or obsessive-compulsive disorder.
personality disorders not feel during maladaptive behavior ?
Persons with personality disorders do not feel anxiety about their maladaptive behavior
What is the pattern of DSM 5 to Diagnose the PD ?
The individual’s cultural standards; is rigidly pervasive; has an onset in adolescence or early adulthood; is stable through time; leads to unhappiness and impairment; and manifests in at least two of the following four areas: cognition, electivity, interpersonal function, or impulse control.
What types of control groups use in cluster A Disorder Diagnose?
family histories of persons with schizophrenia, biological relatives of patients
Who personality disorder shows high anxiety levels ?
Avoidant personality disorder
What types of personality disorder person show the associated with depression ?
obsessive-compulsive personality disorder ( OCPD )
What is masochism?
passive-aggressive this phenomenon is called masochism
which condition use anger against defense mechanism ?
Persons with passive-aggressive defense turn their anger against themselves.
What types of defense mechanisms use this example Tantrums, apparently motiveless assaults, child abuse, and pleasure less promiscuity are common examples. ?
In acting out
borderline personality disorder use what types of defense mechanism use. ?
In which person show high levels of testosterone, 17-estradiol, and estrone ?
Persons who exhibit impulsive traits
Who hormones show aggression unclear ?
What shows these types of people who have low self-esteem and tend to withdraw ?
and who have a schizotypal personality disorder
What neurotransmitter shows similar effects exogenous morphine, such as analgesia and the suppression of arousal ?
who attempt suicide and in patients what types of neurotransmitters show in low effects ?
Levels of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), a metabolite of serotonin
What types of person show changes appear as slow-wave activity on EEGs ?
antisocial and borderline disorder personality , Changes in electrical conductance on the electroencephalogram…. a
What show effect Low in platelet monoamine oxidase (MAO) ?
Low platelet MAO levels have also been noted in some patients with
What types of people show most of time in social activities ?
low platelet MAO levels report spending more time in social activities than students with high platelet MAO levels.
What types of patients Smooth pursuit eye movements
Smooth pursuit eye movements ( introverted person, low self-esteem and tend to withdraw, and who have schizotypal personality disorder )
What types of slow-wave activity on EEGs show by patients ?
antisocial and borderline types
What is very important for psychologists in defense mechanism ?
Fear of intimacy
What types of personality disorder show label of the FANTASY defense mechanism ?
Schizoid, eccentric, lonely, or frightened, creating imaginary lives,
especially imaginary friends. In their extensive dependence on fantasy
histrionic personalities use the what types of defense mechanism, they may be labeled ?
Dissociation or denial
Isolation label of what types of personality disorder ?
What is the masochism?
Persons with passive-aggressive defense turn their anger against themselves.
projective identification is a label of personality disorder ?
borderline personality disorder
How many factors Personality development disorder ?
This five-factor model
What is the 5 traits of 5 factor modal ?
neuroticism, extraversion/ introversion, openness to experience, agreeableness/antagonism, and conscientiousness.
What is the personality disorder ?
Maladaptive Behaviour, homosexual affairs
What is the another name of personality disorder ?
Characteristics of homosexual affairs ?
cognition, affectivity, interpersonal functioning, or impulse control.
How many cluster in personality disorder ?
3 – A,B&C
How many disorder in Cluster A ?
3 Personality disorder
Name of personality disorder cluster A ?
1 – Paranoid personality disorder
2 – schizoid Personality disorder
3 – schizotypal Personality disorder
What is the percent of the population in the Personality disorder ?
10 percent of the population exhibits at least one personality disorder, with 5.7 percent in Cluster A, 1.5 percent in Cluster B, and 6 percent in Cluster C.
How many axis in DSM 5 ?
3 – Axis 1, 11 , 111
What is the number of Axis numbers in P.D ?
Axis – 2 Personality disorders
What is the Axis I ?
standard psychiatric syndromes
What is the problem of Diagnose the P.D ?
What is the main function of Cluster A ?
A personality disorders display unusual behaviors such as distrust, suspiciousness, and social detachment and often come across as odd or eccentric.
Which cluster use suspiciousness, and social detachment?
Problem Face during in Paranoid P.D ?
pervasive suspiciousness and distrust of others, leading to numerous interpersonal difficulties.
Criteria for Paranoid Personality Disorder?
Suspects, without sufficient basis, that others are exploiting, harming, or deceiving him or her
Is preoccupied with unjustified doubts about the loyalty or trustworthiness of friends or associates
Reads hidden demeaning or threatening meanings into benign remarks or events.
Kisi ki baat ka hidden minning nikalna
Has recurrent suspicions, without justification, regarding fidelity of spouse or sexual partner
What types of symptoms showing in stress in to the P/PD ?
Psychotic symptoms during periods of stress
What is the prevalence of PD ?
2 to 4 %
What types of the population is affected by PD ?
The disorder is more commonly diagnosed in men than in women in clinical samples.
Schizoid Personality Disorder ( SZPD )
Catcher sticks of SZPD ?
Such people are unable to express their feelings and are seen by others as cold and distant.
lack social skills, introverts, with solitary interests, loners or introverts have schizoid personality disorder. ( Akela Rhena , Lack of intrest, Sena ki trhe akele me smaye bitana )
Solitary interest is a common personality disorder features?
Another Catcher sticks of SZPD ?
People with this disorder tend not to take enjoyment in many activities, including sexual activity, and rarely marry.
What is main function of SZPD ?
Almost always chooses solitary ( private / Lonely activities )
Takes pleasure in few, if any, activities
Lacks close friends or confidants other than first-degree relatives
Shows emotional coldness, detachment, or flattened affectivity
Schizotypal Personality Disorder. ( SPL.PD )
What is SPLPD ?
Individuals with schizotypal personality disorder are also excessively introverted and have pervasive social and interpersonal deficits (like those that occur in schizoid personality disorder.
paranoid beliefs, Oddities in thinking, is the main cluster disorder ?
Schizotypal Personality Disorder.
Catcher sticks SPL.PD ?
paranoid beliefs, Oddities in thinking, speech,
What is the beliefs of SPL.PD ?
Indeed, they often believe that they have magical powers and may engage in magical rituals.
(the belief that conversations or gestures of others have special meaning or personal significance)
Cluster B Personality Disorder.
Types of disorder in cluster B of PD ?
histrionic, narcissistic, antisocial, and borderline personality disorders
Histrionic Personality Disorder
What is the main feature of histrionic PD ?
What types of people show considered self-centered?
Histrionic personality disorder
How many populations of histrionic personality?
2 – 3 %
What types of gender effected by this type of personality disorder ?
What types of common traits are found this types of personality ?
, high excitement, seeking and low self-consciousness
borderline, antisocial, narcissistic, and dependent personality disorder can be co morbid what types of PD ?
Histrionic personality disorder
What is the correlation between Antisocial & histrionic personality Disorder ?
Both are Genetic Traits of a person – Histronic for women & antisocial for Men.
Criteria for Histrionic Personality Disorder – DSM 5
A most common feature of H.PD?
Excessive emotionality and attention-seeking, beginning by early adulthood
In which condition they will feel uncomfortable?
Is uncomfortable in situations in which he or she is not the center of attention
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
What is the main features of NC.PD ?
grandiosity, aggression, and dominance
What types of beliefs show this types for another people ?
They believe they are so special, they often think they can be understood only by other high-status people or that they should associate only with such people, as was the case with Bob at the beginning of the chapter
What Types of traits show this types of people ?
which includes traits of low modesty, arrogance, grandiosity, and superiority, low altruism (expecting favorable treatment and exploiting others), and tough-mindedness (lack of empathy).
What types of gender effected by this PD ?
It is estimated to occur in about 1 percent of the population
What types of disorder diagnose symptoms during childhood in the contrast of antisocial pd?
What is the short name of Antisocial personality disorder ?
What types of behavior show these types of people?
deceitful, aggressive, or antisocial behavior
Main features of cluster C – P.D ?
Anxiety and fearfulness
Cluster c personality disorders name ?
avoidant, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders
Personality Disorder Cluster C – 1
Avoidant personality disorder
Features of avoidant personality disorder ?
how extreme social inhibition and introversion, leading to lifelong patterns of limited social relationships and reluctance to enter into social interactions.
What types of fear found in the p.d ?
hypersensitivity to, and fear of, criticism and rebuff ( fear of rejection )
What is the criteria for A.P.D ?
Avoids occupational activities because of fears of criticism, disapproval, or rejection.
What types of influence found In the APD ?
Another factor of APD to come in the child ?
avoidant personality disorder in some children who experience emotional abuse, rejection, or humiliation from parents who are not particularly affectionate
Dependent Personality Disorder – Cluster C 2nd personality disorder
What type of behaviour fond in DPD ?
submissive behavior ( विनम्र व्यवहार )
What types of fear found in this personality ?
fear at the possibility of separation (डर जुदाई का )
Why they fail to get appropriately angry with others ?
because of a fear of losing their support
What is another factor of the DPD ?
They have great difficulty making even simple, everyday decisions without a great deal of advice and reassurance because they lack self-confidence and feel helpless even when they have actually developed good work skills or other competencies.
What types of personality found in women rather then men ?
How many people affected by DPD ?
What types of disorders can found in the DPD ?
Dependent personality disorder to have a co morbid diagnosis of mood and anxiety disorders as well as eating disorders.
What types of features of dependent personality disorder overlap with DPD ?
borderline, histrionic, and avoidant personality disorders
What is the common fear in DPD & BPD ?
Abandonment (पूर्ण त्याग )
What is common fear in APD & DPD ?
Fear of Rejection
DPD – they feel incompetent on their own and have a need to be taken care of
APD – avoidant personalities have trouble initiating relationships because they fear criticism or rejection
What Big 5 Factor factor found in DPD ?
neuroticism and agreeableness
What types of influence find in DPD ?
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder – Cluster C 3rd personality Disorder
What is the common feature of OCPD ?
Perfectionism and an excessive concern with maintaining order and control characterize individuals with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD)
What overlap with another personality disorder ?
narcissistic, antisocial, and schizoid personality disorders
What is a problem to create interpersonal relationships with ocpd person?
The person with OCPD has difficulty in interpersonal relationships because of excessive
devotion to work and great difficulty expressing emotions
In which P.D show difficulties in relationship b/w therapist & clients ?
How many percent of personality disorder patients drop out of therapy prematurely?
In which cluster required modified the Therapy of PD clients ?
it is often useful to develop treatment strategies specifically aimed at altering these traits. Patients from the anxious/fearful Cluster C.
What types of PD disorder do self hospitalized ?
Borderline personality Disorder – for safety reasons, because of their frequent suicidal behavior.
What types of medicines are considered most safe and useful for treating rapid mood shifts, anger, and anxiety ?
What is the effective therapy of BPD ?
DBT – Dialectical behavior therapy, developed by Marsha Linehan.
What is the primary goals of treatment BPD ?
One of the primary goals of treatment is to encourage patients to accept this negative affect without engaging in self-destructive or other maladaptive behaviors.
What types of strategies applied for this treatment ?
Linehan has developed a problem-focused treatment based on a clear hierarchy of goals, which prioritizes decreasing suicidal and self-harming behavior and increasing coping skills.
Every competitive exam carry 1 – 3 Marks of Personality disorder